Posted by: mostwanted | Tuesday, August 15, 2006

59th Indian Independence Day Special :)

Kasam Tumko Watan Walo Kabhi Maus Mat Hona
Manana Jashn Aazadi Na Mere Waste Rona
Nigaahein Maut Se Bhi Hum Milane Se Nahin Darrte
Desh Mere Desh Mere Meri Jaan Hai Tu
Desh Mere Desh Mere Meri Jaan Hai Tu

Major events that resulted in India’s Independence are as follows:

*The Partition of Bengal in 1905 by the British Government, based on religions and languages.
*The British Government’s efforts to enlist the support of the Muslims against the Hindus.
*The spread of the spirit of Hindu-Muslim unity–Allah-O-Akbar and Vande Mataram.
*The Swadeshi Movement–an economic boycott of foreign goods in support of domestic products.
*Repressive measures by the British Government
*The impact of different organizations such as Brahmo Samaj founded by Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Arya Samaj by Swami Dayananda Saraswati, Prarthana Samaj (Bombay), Swarajya Party, and the Theosophical Society started by Annie Besant.
*Formation of the Indian National Congress in 1885.
*Mahatma Gandhi’s arrival from South Africa and the rise of the Indian National Congress as an expression of the revolt of the Indian people against alien rule.
*World Wars I and II, which weakened the power of the British rulers.
*Mahatma’s Swadeshi Movement starting from Satyagraha against the Rowlatt Act.
*The Jalianwala Bagh massacre on 13 April 1919, where over 400 innocent and unarmed people were killed, and the imposition of martial law in Punjab.
*The pronouncement of complete independence at the Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress in 1929, which caused the awakening of a new spirit in the nation.
*Mahatma’s successful civil disobedience movement all over the country against the Salt Laws. His Salt March at Dandi, Gujarat, in December 1930 spread to various parts of the country.
*The “Quit India” movement in 1942 and its nationwide impact.

What Others Said Abt India?

*We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made!” –Albert Einstein*If there is one place on the face of earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India!” –French scholar Romaine Rolland

*India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most astrictive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only!” –Mark Twain

*So far as I am able to judge, nothing has been left undone, either by man or nature, to make India the most extraordinary country that the sun visits on his rounds. Nothing seems to have been forgotten, nothing overlooked.” –Mark Twain

*She (India) has left indelible imprints on one fourth of the human race in the course of a long succession of centuries. She has the right to reclaim … her place amongst the great nations summarizing and symbolizing the spirit of humanity. From Persia to the Chinese sea, from the icy regions of Siberia to Islands of Java and Borneo, India has propagated her beliefs, her tales, and her civilization!” — Sylvia Levi

*India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border!” — Hu Shih, former Ambassador of China to USA

Some Moments In Indian History

Pandit Nehru speaks to new nation

Mahatma Ghandhiji Addressing people

Nehru and Gandhi at meeting

Aug. 15, 1947: Mountbatten swears Nehru in as Prime Minister of India

TRAIN TO PAKISTAN; India 1947. Trains packed with refugees – Hindus and Sikhs headed for India, and Muslims headed for Pakistan – were convenient targets for gangs of killers on both sides of the border. Inadequately protected ‘Refugee Specials’ were typically stopped, and the occupants butchered, several times in the course of the journey.

The dead – Punjab, 1947

Mountbatten at Delhi airport; with Nehru and Liaquat Ali. March 25, 1947

Jai Hind!

Morning News 15 Aug. 1947

New York Times News


The National emblem of India

The National emblem of India is a replica of the Lion of Sarnath, near Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh. The Lion Capital was erected in the third century BC by Emperor Ashoka to mark the spot where Buddha first proclaimed his gospel of peace and emanicipation to the four quarters of the universe. The national emblem is thus symbolic of contemporary India’s reaffirmation of it’s ancient commitment to world peace and goodwill. The four lions(one hidden from view ) – symbolising power, courage and confidence- rest on a circular abacus. The abacus is girded by four smaller animals- guardians of the four directions: the lion of the north, the elephant of the east, the horse of the south and the bull of the west . The abacus rests on alotus in full bloom, exemplifying the fountainhead of life and creative inspiration.The motto ‘Satyameva Jayate’ inscribed below the emblem in Devanagari script means ‘truth alone triumphs’

The Indian National Anthem

The Constituent Assembly adopted the Indian national anthem from a song written and composed by the Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore on January 24, 1950. Before this Vande Mataram written by Bankim Chandra Chattapadhya was the National Anthem of India. Later Constituent Assembly of India,( Vol.XII, 24-1-1950) opined: “The composition consisting of words and music known as Janaganamana is the National Anthem of India, subject to such alterations as the Government may authorise as occasion arises, …” Only the first of the five stanzas was designated as the anthem.The anthem goes like this :

Jaana Gaana Maana Adhinayaka Jayehe
Bharata bhagya vidhata;
Punjaba Sindhu Gujarata Maratha,
Dravida Utkala Banga,
Vindhya, Himachala, Jamuna, Ganga,
Ucchhala Jaladhitaranga;
Taba Shubha Naame Jaage
Taba Shubha Ashish Maage
Gaye taba jaya gaatha.
Jaana Gaana Maana Adhinayaka Jayahe
Bharata bhagya vidhata;
Jaya he Jaye he
Jaya Jaya Jaya Jaya he.

National Flag of India

The colours chosen for the national flag, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan explained the saffron colour denoted renunciation or disinterestedness of political leaders towards material gains in life. The white depicted enlightenment, lighting the path of truth to guide our conduct. The green symbolised our relation to the soil, to the plant life here on which all other life depends. The Ashoka wheel in the centre of the white strip represented the law of dharma.

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Responses

  1. please give it in a half an hour


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